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给全国中小学校新学期加强心理健康教育的指导建议

  DANGQIAN,XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGFANGKONGXINGSHICHIXUXIANGHAO,YIQINGZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI,GEDIZHONGXIAOXUEJIJITUIJINKAIXUEFUKEGONGZUO。WEIGENGHAOBANGZHUGEDISHISHENGSHUNLISHIYINGXINXUEQI,YIGENGJIJIDEXINTAITOURUKAIXUEHOUDEJIAOYUJIAOXUEGONGZUOHEXIAOYUANXUEXI,JIAOYUBUZHONGXIAOXUEXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUZHUANJIAZHIDAOWEIYUANHUIXIANGQUANGUOZHONGXIAOXUEXIAOTICHURUXIAZHIDAOJIANYI。

  1.开展开学复课衔接工作,提升学生的学习生活适应能力

太阳网址  DUIYURUXUEHOUXUESHENGKENENGCUNZAIDESHIYINGBULIANGWENTI,XUEXIAOYAOTIQIANYUPAN,ZAIJIAOXUEANPAISHANGYULIUDIAOZHENGSHIYINGQI,KETIQIANFABUKAIXUEHOUDEJIAOXUEJIHUAANPAIHEZUOXISHIJIANBIAO,RANGXUESHENGZAOZHIQING、ZAOANXIN、ZAOZHUNBEI。YINDAOXUESHENGTIQIANZUOHAOYINGJIEKAIXUEDEXINGDONGZHUNBEI,TONGGUOZHUNBEIFANXIAOWUPIN、ZHIDINGFUXUEJIHUADENGFANGSHITISHENGDUIXINXUEQIDEQIDAIHEXINXIN。SHANGHAO“FUXUEDIYIKE”,PINGWENDUGUOKAIXUEDIYIZHOU,TONGGUOKAIZHANYIQINGFANGKONG、SHENGMINGANQUAN、WEISHENGJIANKANGDENGZHUTIBANHUI,JIJIYINDAOXUESHENGFENXIANG、ZONGJIEJUJIAXUEXISHENGHUOQIJIANXUEXITIHUIHECHENGZHANGGANWU。KETANGJIAOXUEKEYANXUXIANSHANGJIAOXUESHIDEYIXIEYOUXIAOFANGFA,BANGZHUXUESHENGSHIXIANCONGZAIXIANXUEXIDAOKETANGDEPINGWENGUODU。DUIYUXUEXISHANGQUESHICUNZAIKUNNANDEXUESHENG,JISHITONGGUOXIANSHANG、XIANXIAQUDAOJIYUGEBIEHUAZHIDAOHEBANGZHU,YINDAOQIJINKUAISHIYINGXINDEXUEXIHUANJINGHEXUEXIFANGSHI。

  2.做好师生心理健康状况分析,制定心理健康教育工作方案

  YIQINGDUISHISHENGXINLIJIANKANGHUICHANSHENGYIDINGFUMIANYINGXIANG,XUEXIAOZAIKAIXUEQIANHOUYAOJISHIJINXINGSHISHENGSHENXINJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGMODI,GENJUSHISHENGDEFANKUIXINXI,ZHIDINGYOUZHENDUIXINGDEXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUGONGZUOFANGAN。KAIXUEQIANTONGGUOZAIXIANDIAOCHAHEXIANSHANGGOUTONG,CHONGFENLEJIEQUANTISHISHENGSHOUYIQINGYINGXIANGDEQINGKUANG。KAIXUEHOUTONGGUOSHISHENGZIWOBAOGAO、RICHANGGUANCHA、ZHUANYEXINLIPINGGUDENGFANGSHI,ZHANGWOKUNRAOSHISHENGDEJUTIYALILAIYUANHEQINGXUXINGWEIWENTI。TONGSHI,YAOGUANZHUYIQINGDUISHISHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGDEYINGXIANGKENENGCUNZAIZHANGQIXINGHEYINBIXING,YOUXIEXINLIYINGJIZHENGZHUANGHUIYANCHICHUXIAN,GUOWAIYIQINGXINGSHIFAZHANYEKENENGJISHISHENGDAILAIXINLIKUNRAO,JINXINGSHISHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGFENXISHIYAOZHUYIDINGQI、DUOCI、QUANMIANZHANGWO。

  3.开展针对性的心理健康教育课程和活动,帮助学生做好心理调适

  ZHENDUIYIQINGQIJIANXUESHENGKENENGDEXINLIKUNRAO(RUGUODUJIAOLV、JINZHANG、KONGJU、XINQINGDILUO、CUOBAIGAN、SHIMIANSHAOJUEDENG)HEXINGWEIWENTI(RUZHUYILIBUJIZHONG,ZUOXIBUGUILV、ZHANGSHIJIANWANYOUXIDENG)KAIZHANXINLIJIANGZUO、XINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUKE、TONGBANHUZHU、TUANTIFUDAODENGHUODONG,BANGZHUXUESHENGZHANGWOJIANBIANYOUXIAO、RONGYICAOZUODEXINLIDIAOSHIFANGFA。YAOZHUZHONGJIEHEXUESHENGDEBUTONGNIANLINGTEZHENGYUGEXINGCHAYIKAIZHANGONGZUO,DUIYUXIAOXUEJIEDUANDEXUESHENG,GULITAMENYONGYOUXIDEFANGSHIBIAODA,XUEHUISHIBIEQINGXUBINGJIAYIDIAOJIE;DUIYUCHUZHONGJIEDUANDEXUESHENG,GULITAMENJIAQIANGRENJIJIAOWANG,TONGGUOGOUTONGBIAODAQINGXU、QINGGAN,TISHENGJIJIXINLIPINZHI;DUIYUGAOZHONGJIEDUANDEXUESHENG,CAIYONGBANDUIHUIDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI,XUANCHUANZAIYIQINGZHONGCHUXIANDEXIANJINSHIJI,JINXINGSHENGMINGJIAOYUHESHENGYAJIAOYU。

  4.针对心理困扰较大的学生,提供及时有效的个体心理辅导

  GUANZHUHEZHONGSHISHOUYIQINGYINGXIANGJIAODADEXUESHENG,DUIQITIGONGCHONGZUDEQINGGAN、SHENGHUOHEXUEYEZHICHI,KAIZHANYOUXIAOXINLIFUDAO,FAXIANYICHANGQINGKUANGJISHIYINGDUI、JISHISHANGBAO。TEBIEGUANZHUZAIYIQINGQIANJIUYOUXINLIWENTIDEXUESHENG,KAIZHANZHUIZONGPINGGU,JIEHEYIWANGFUDAOJILU,TIGONGYUFANGXINGXINLIFUDAO,XIEZHUQIWEICHIXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPING。TEBIEGUANZHULAIZIZHONGDIANYIQUHUOSHENBIANYOUQINRENGANRANXINGUANBINGDUBINGDUICIGANSHOUDAOJIAOLVHEYALIDEXUESHENG,TIGONGZHICHIXINGXINLIFUDAO,JIJIGAISHANQIZHOUBIANRENJIHUANJING,JIANSHAOKENENGDEPAICHIHEQISHI。TEBIEGUANZHUZAIYIQINGQIJIANCHUXIANMINGXIANQINGXUWENTI、CHENMIDIANZICHANPINHUOXINGWEIPIANCHADENGQINGKUANGDEXUESHENG,TIGONGGANYUXINGXINLIFUDAO,KAIZHANXINGWEIJIAOZHENG,XIEZHUQIHUIGUIZHENGCHANGXUEXISHENGHUO。TEBIEGUANZHUQINGXUBODONGJIAODADEXUESHENG,TIGONGPEIBANXINGXINLIFUDAO,JIANLITONGBANHUZHUXIAOZU,XIEZHUQIJIENAHEDIAOJIEZIJIDEQINGXU,CUJINQIZHUANBIANRENZHI、YOUHUAXINTAI。

  5.通过多种方式缓解教师职业压力,指导教职员工有序开展教育教学工作

太阳网址  XINXUEQIKAIXUE,JIAOSHIMIANLINDIAOZHENGJIAOXUEJIHUAHEKECHENGANPAI、LEJIEZHANGWOXUESHENGXUEXIJINZHANQINGKUANG、CANYUXUEXIAOYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUO、BANGZHUXUESHENGZUOHAOJUJIAXUEXIYUZAIXIAOXUEXIXIANJIEDENGRENWU,GONGZUOYALIJIAODA。XUEXIAOYAOTONGCHOUYIQINGFANGKONGHEJIAOYUJIAOXUEGONGZUO,HELIANPAIJIAOZHIYUANGONGDEYIQINGFANGKONG、XIANSHANGHEXIANXIASHOUKE、BANJIGUANLIDENGGONGZUOLIANG,RANGBANZHURENHEXUEKEJIAOSHIJIANGGENGDUOJINGLITOURUDAOBANJIGUANLIHESHOUKEZHONG。YAOQIESHIGUANXINJIAOZHIYUANGONGXINLIJIANKANG,BANGZHUTAMENJIEJUEJIAOXUEHESHENGHUOZHONGYUDAODENANTI,JIYUXINLIZHICHI。ZUZHIXINGSHISHIYIDEJIAOSHIHUODONG,GULIJIAOSHIZIZHUDIAOZHENGQINGXU,JIANLIJIJIDESHENGHUOGUANHEGONGZUOGUAN,TIGAOSHENGHUOMANYIDUHEZHIYEXINGFUGAN,YEDUIXUESHENGQIDAOLIANGHAODEBANGYANGSHIFANZUOYONG。

  6.针对受疫情影响产生严重心理问题的个别师生,提供长期专业心理干预、转介和支持服务

太阳网址  CHIXUGUANZHUHEZHUIZONGXINLIWENTIJIAOYANZHONGHUOCHIXUSHIJIANJIAOZHANG、YINGXIANGZHENGCHANGXUEXI、SHENGHUOHEGONGZUODESHISHENG,BINGLIANHEJIATING、BANZHURENHESHEQUGONGTONGZHIDINGXINLIWEIJIGANYUFANGAN。YAOXIANGSHISHENGTUIJIESHEHUIXINLIFUWUGUANFANGZIYUAN,ZHANGWOXIANGZHUANYEDEYILIAOJIGOUHEXINLIYUANZHUJIGOUXUNQIUZHUANYEZHICHIDEFANGFA,TIGAOSHISHENGXUNQIUSHEHUIZHICHIDENENGLI。DUIYUCUNZAIYANZHONGXINLIHEXINGWEIWENTIYIJIJINGSHENJIHUANDESHISHENG,XUEXIAOYINGZUOHAOYINSIBAOHU,SHELIBIAOZHUNHUACHUZHILIUCHENG,JISHIJIANGYOUGUANQINGKUANGFANKUIJIJIAZHANGHUOQINSHU,BINGZHUANJIEDAOZHUANYEDEYILIAOJIGOUHEXINLIYUANZHUJIGOU,LIANHEJIATING、SHEQUJIYILIAOJIGOUJIANGGEXIANGLIUCHENGCUOSHILUOSHIDAOWEI。

  7.为毕业年级学生提供全方位支持,协助学生以自信平稳的心态积极备考

太阳网址  XUEXIAOYINGDUIMIANLINYIQING、KAOSHIHESHENGXUEDUOZHONGYALIDECHUSAN、GAOSANNIANJIXUESHENGTIGONGJIAOYU、JIAOXUEHEXINLIDEQUANFANGWEIZHICHI。XUEXIAOYAOJISHIXIANGJIAOSHI、XUESHENGHEJIAZHANGJIEDUKAOSHIYANQIDAILAIDEFUXI、KAOSHI、ZHIYUANTIANBAOHELUQUZHAOSHENGDENGANPAIDEBIANHUA,JIEDASHISHENG、JIAZHANGDEDIANXINGWENTI。RUZHIYUANTIANBAOHELUQUGONGZUOZHENGTIKENENGYANCHI、XINSHENGQIUJIRUXUESHIJIANKENENGHUIFASHENGBIANHUA、SHUJIASHIJIANYEKENENGXIANGYINGDIAOZHENGDENG。GONGBUXUEXIAOXIANGYINGDEYINGDUICUOSHI,TIXINGSHISHENGHEJIAZHANGTIQIANZUOHAOXINLIZHUNBEI。JIAOSHIYAOZUOHAOXIANSHANG、XIANXIAJIAOXUEXIANJIEGONGZUO,JISHIFENXIXUEQING,JISHIDIAOZHENGJIAOXUEJINDU,ZHIDAOXUESHENGZHIDINGHELIDEFUXIGUIHUA。XUEXIAOYAOGUANZHUXUESHENGDEQINGXUBIANHUA,TIGONGKAOQIANQINGXUZHIDAO,KAIZHANSHIDANGDEWENTIHUODONGHETUANTIXINLIFUDAO,YINDAOXUESHENGDIAOJIESHENXINZHUANGTAI,SHULIXINXIN,JIJIBEIKAO。

  8.加强权威信息推介和宣传引导,增强师生心理正能量

太阳网址  XUEXIAOYAOGAODUZHONGSHIYIQINGQIJIANDALIANGXINXICHUANBODUISHISHENGCHANSHENGDEXINLIHEGUANNIANCHONGJI,JISHIXIANGQUANXIAOXUESHENG、JIAZHANGJIJIAOZHIYUANGONGCHUANDIQUANWEIZHENGCEXINXI,BIMIANJIAOSHI、XUESHENGHEJIAZHANGDECAICE,TIGAOXINXIBIANBIEHEDULISIKAONENGLI,JIANGDIJIAOLVQINGXU。KETONGGUOTUIGUANGXIAONEIWAIZHIYUANFUWUHUODONG、XUEXIYIQINGQIJIANSHENBIANYOUXIUBANGYANGSHIJI、KANGYIDOUZHENGZHONGGEZHANXIANBIAOXIANTUCHURENYUANYOUQISHI90HOU、00HOULINWEIBUJU、ZUIMEINIXINGDEGUSHIDENG,MIANXIANGSHISHENGYONGXIAOQIEKOUZHANXIANDASHIYE,YIXIAOSHIJIANTIXIANDAQINGHUAI,BANGZHUSHISHENGJIQUZHENGNENGLIANG,YINDAOSIKAOPINGFANYUWEIDA、GERENYUJITI、SHENGMINGYUJIANKANGDEGUANXI,SUZAOJIJIXIANGSHANGDECHENGZHANGXINGSIWEI,ZENGQIANGJITIRONGYUGAN、ZIXINXINHENINGJULI。

  9.注重疫情防控与学校文化活动相结合,营造平安健康文明校园

太阳网址  YIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUOSHIZHONGXIAOXUEKAIXUEHOUJIAOZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANDEZHONGYAOGONGZUO。ZHONGXIAOXUEXIAOYAOZHONGSHICHANGTAIHUAYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUODEGONGKAITOUMING,DINGQIXIANGQUANTISHISHENG、JIAZHANGXUANCHUANYIQINGFANGKONGZHISHI、GONGBUXIANGGUANGONGZUOJINZHAN。TIGONGYOUXIAOGOUTONGQUDAO,TINGQUSHISHENGHEJIAZHANGDUIYUXUEXIAOYIQINGFANGKONGDEYIJIANJIANYI。CHUXIANTESHUSHIJIANSHI,YAOYI“JISHI、ZHENCHENG、FUZE”WEIYUANZEZUOHAOSHUOMINGBINGFUZHUXINGDONG,JIJIZHENGQUSHISHENGDUIKAIXUEHOUYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUODELIJIEHEZHICHI,JIANGDISHISHENGDUIFUXUEDEBUANQUANGAN,BIMIANYINYIQINGFANGKONGERZAOCHENGDERENJIGEHE。ZAIFUHEFANGKONGYAOQIUDEQIANTIXIA,CHUANGXINXUEXIAOWENHUAHUODONGXINGSHI,KETONGGUOWANGLUOPINGTAI、WEIBO、WEIXINQUN、GUANGBO、ZHUTIJIANGZUO、XUANCHUANLAN、DUSHUJIAO、JIAOSEBANYAN、XINLIJUDENGXINGSHI,CUJINSHISHENGJIAOLIUHEGONGTONGTANSUO,YINGZAOWENXINHEXIE、JIJIXIANGSHANGDEXIAOYUANFENWEI。

  10.加强家校沟通,指导家庭教育,协助家长建立良好的亲子关系

太阳网址  LIANGHAODEJIAXIAOGOUTONGDUIYUPINGWENFUXUEFEICHANGZHONGYAO。XUEXIAOYAOZHIDAOBANZHURENHEGEKEJIAOSHIZUOHAOJIAXIAOGOUTONG,XIHUAGOUTONGNEIRONG、GOUTONGPINLV、GOUTONGXINGSHI,WANSHANGOUTONGLIUCHENG。YAOJISHIXIANGJIAZHANGTONGBAOJIAOYUJIAOXUEANPAI,HUANJIEJIAZHANGJIAOLVQINGXU,ZHENGQUJIAZHANGLIJIEHEZHICHI。YAODINGQIKAIZHANXIANSHANGJIAZHANGXUEXIAOHUODONG,JIUKUNRAOJIAZHANGDEDIANXINGWENTIKAIZHANZHUANTIJIANGZUO,LIRU,RUHEPEIYANGHAIZIDEZILVZIXUENENGLI,RUHEKONGZHIDIANZICHANPINSHIYONG,RUHEYUQINGCHUNQIHAIZIGOUTONGDENG,TIGAOJIAZHANGKEXUEYUERHEKAIZHANJIATINGJIAOYUDENENGLI,HUANJIEYIQINGQIJIANJIATINGMAODUN,XIEZHUJIAZHANGJIANLILIANGHAODEQINZIGUANXI。YAODUITESHUQUNTI,RUYIHURENYUANZINV、LIUDONGHELIUSHOUERTONGDENGJIYUZHONGDIANGUANZHU,DUIJIAZHANGTICHUDEJIATINGJIAOYUWENTIDUOQINGTING、DUOLIJIE,ZHUDONGDAYIJIEHUO,BANGZHUJIAZHANGXUNZHAOJIEJUEZHIDAO。


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